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History

Wilpattu is one of the oldest National Parks in Sri Lanka Located in Northwest coast lowland dry zone of Sri Lanka. The park lies within the North-central & North-western providences. The area of the park is 131693 ha. An unusual feature of the park’s topography are the numerous villus: these look like lakes, though they’re actually just depressions filled with rainwater which expand and contract with the seasons, attracting a range of water-birds and wild life.

Elephants, leopards, sloth bear, water buffalo and spotted deer are among the large mammals. Coastal belt and  willus  support  abundant  birdlife  such  as  painted  storks,  white  ibis,  open  bills,  Whistling  teals, spoonbills, cormorants and kingfishers. Apart from them serpent eagles, great racket tail Drongo, Malabar pied hornbills, crested hawk eagles & Sri Lanka junglefowls are commonly seen. Both water monitors and mugger crocodiles can be seen in the willus.

Geography

As the park lies in dry zone rainfall is highly seasonal. Inter- monsoonal rains in March and the northeast monsoon (December – February) are the main sources of rainfall. Mean annual rainfall is about 1000 mm and the mean annual temperature is about 27uC. The park consists of willus, dry-lowland forests, scrublands, open grasslands and coastal belt. Characteristic feature of the park  is  that  majority  of  park  area  is  covered  with  dense forest.The vegetation dominated by tree species such as Palu (Manilkara hexandra), Weera (Drypetes sepiaria)  &  Satin  (Chloroxylon  swietenia).  Milla  (Vitex  altissima),  Ebony  (Diospyros  ebenum)  and Wewarana (Alseodaphne semecaprifolia) are       also found in fair numbers.

Kudiramalai Point

A Legend has it that Kihirikanda (Kudiramalai), a point on the shore was the landing place of Vijaya, while Kuveni lived in ‘Kālivila (Kali Villu)’, in the Wilpattu National Park.

Map

Wilpattu Tours & Excursions