Bay and harbour
Trincomalee is a port city in Eastern Province, Sri Lanka and lies on the east coast of the island. The city is built on a peninsula, which divides the inner and outer harbours. Overlooking the Kottiyar Bay, Trincomalee is one of the main centers of Tamil speaking culture on the island. The city is home to the famous ancient Koneswaram temple alluded to in its historic Tamil name Thirukonamalai from which its anglicized name is derived, and has been a sea port that has played a major role in the maritime and international trading history of Sri Lanka. It is referred to as Gokanna in Pali or Gokarna in Sanskrit. Trincomalee was the capital city of Hindu king ravanan and later around 13 century by King Sangili
Geography & History
The Bay of Trincomalee’s harbour is renowned for its large size and security; unlike any other in the Indian Sea, it is accessible to all types of craft in all weathers. The beaches are used for surfing, scuba diving, fishing and whale watching. The city also has the largest Dutch fort in Sri Lanka. It is home to major Sri Lankan naval bases and a Sri Lankan Air Force base.
The town has one of the most interesting and complex colonial histories in the whole of Sri Lanka, with its ownership changing between the king of Kandy, the Dutch, the British and the French on a number of different occasions! During the recent war, the area’s beauty continued to attract many travellers.